Salzburg City Travel Guide
The establishment of the town of Salzburg can be precisely traced to the year 696 when the missionary St. Rubert arrived in the area now known as Salzburg and founded the Benedictine Monastery of St. Peters. The town merged into an independent church state, ruled by a sovereign, the Archbishop. He was not only the spiritual leader but also possessed many worldly powers. The organisation of the city was in a Vatican-like style and Salzburg was not called the "Rome of the North" without foundation.
The city of Salzburg is nestled between two mountains Kapuzinerberg and Mönchsberg and the River Salzach. It is a picturesque city with small alleyways, quaint colorful town houses, rich castles and palaces, with styled gardens and a large number of churches and monasteries.
The Fortress of Hohensalzburg, a 900 year old building which cannot be missed, is considered to be the most well-maintained Medieval Fortress in Europe.
St. Sebastian is the city's most impressive church, built in the Gothic style, with a well-tended cemetery. The city of Salzburg displays proof of the wealth and power of the Archbishop and the Catholic Church and is today home to approximately 150.000 inhabitants.
Salzburg is most certainly a city of music. It was the home and birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the memorial to him at the Salzburg Mozart Square honours the city's most famous son. Salzburg has a long history of being a popular destination for musicians, harboured by the many Archbishops fondness for music. This city has retained its charm and character through the centuries. Today Salzburg is known for its annual cultural Festival (Salzburger Festspiele), which offers a variety of operas, concerts and theatrical plays, ranging from classical to contemporary styles. The city is also a very popular place to study for a solid musical or theatrical education and as a result, many students from around the world enrol at one of the many different schools in Salzburg every year.