|Franz Grillparzer||Ferdinand Raimund|
|Johann Nestroy||Arthur Schnitzler|
|Felix Salten||Robert Musil|
|Joseph Roth||Ingeborg Bachmann|
|Thomas Bernhard||Peter Handke|
|Elfriede Jelinek||Cabaret in Vienna|
|Grillparzer is emblematic of the late Austrian
monarchy for several reasons. He described himself as split
personality always drawn between rational thought and galloping
|Raimund's plays are typical examples of romantic magical comedies with fairy stories, moral allegories and deus-ex-machina happy endings which are at odds with contemporary tastes.|
|Johann Nestroy is often dubbed the Austrian
Shakespeare. Quite rightly: like the great master of English
literature, Nestroy impersonated the one or other character
of his plays himself until he died.
|Arthur Schnitzler is one of Austria's literary
heavyweights. He received extensive training in medicine and
was especially interested in psychology, an interest that influenced
his writing a great deal.
|He is remembered for two publications which
have little in common: Felix Salten was the one to cook up the
heart-breaking story of a cute fawn named 'Bambi'. His other
major novel is called 'Josephine Mutzenbacher'...
|His first novel 'Die Verwirrungen des Zögling
Törleß' (Confusions of Young Torless) was published
in 1906 and hauntingly describes the experiences of a sensitive
boy in an exclusive military school...
|Joseph Roth was an acute chronicler of
the downfall of the Habsburg empire and the reverberations for
the Austrian people. Central to his work is the last imperial
couple Franz Josef I (image) and Sissi.
|Ingeborg Bachmann is one of the major players
in Austrian literature. She has a reputation as a brilliant
writer of poetry, prose and radio plays.
|Thomas Bernhard's relationship to Vienna
and Austria was ambivalent. His texts often contain harsh descriptions
of life in post war Austria. Reading Bernhard is highly pleasurable,
it is also unnerving.
|Peter Handke is journalist, translater
and highly successful writer of plays and prose. Many of his
works have been translated into various languages.
|Elfriede Jelinek is the younger
counterpart of Austrian playwright Thomas Bernhard. As Bernhard
she is at the same time a highly acclaimed writer and proverbial
Beelzebub abused for her critical views.
|Vienna looks back on a thriving tradition
of cabaret, a form of popular theater which often consists of
short sketches, songs and parodies presented by a 'Conférencier',
an eloquent entertainer.
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